Hoesch, Leopold von

   ambassador; "the greatest of the German professional diplomats of the interwar period (Holborn). Son of a Dresden industrialist, he studied law and completed legal exams in 1905. After a year in the Saxon Horse Guards and judicial preparation with the Dresdner Bank, he was assigned in 1907 to the Peking legation. From 1909 he served successively as an attache in Paris, in Madrid, and at the Foreign Office in Berlin.* During 1912-1914 he was legation secretary in London. His career took him to Sofia in 1915 and Constantinople in 1916. He was named cabinet chief in October 1917 to Foreign Secretary Richard von Kühlmann and took part in the treaty negotiations at Brest-Litovsk and Bucharest. He was assigned to Oslo in 1918, became charge d'affaires in Madrid in 1919, and went to Paris as embassy counselor in 1921.
   When Berlin responded to the Ruhr occupation* in January 1923 by recalling its Ambassador, Hoesch assumed the thorny role of chief emissary in Paris. Gustav Stresemann,* Foreign Minister from August 1923, soon appreciated the energy Hoesch devoted to shaping Germany s position, both during and after the era of German passive resistance. Despite severe tension between Paris and Berlin, Hoesch was popular with French Premier Raymond Poincare; indeed, Poincare discreetly noted that he would welcome Hoesch's promotion to Am-bassador, an appointment bestowed in February 1924. Maintaining close contact with the French Foreign Ministry, Hoesch was pivotal in preparations leading to the Locarno Treaties* (1925) and German admission to the Advisory Council of the League of Nations (1926). He worked diligently for a reparations* accord and was crucial in preliminary work for the Dawes* and Young* plans. He also labored for removal of troops occupying the Rhineland.* "The Rhineland is not evacuated; it has been regained, he asserted in June 1930 as the last Allied troops left the final zone ahead of schedule, due measurably to his determination.
   Hoesch's final years in Paris were diminished by Stresemann's death in 1929 and the imbroglio over Germany s proposed customs union with Austria* (in which his thoughtful counsel to Julius Curtius* was ignored). He was relocated to London in 1932, where he soon won the trust of his new hosts. Yet his ability to carry on constructive diplomacy was thwarted by the Nazi regime. Under Stresemann, Hoesch managed to generate a large reservoir of trust for Germany; he lamented its evaporation with renunciation of the Locarno Treaties and the military occupation of the Rhineland—this last, he judged, being the initial step toward a second world war.
   REFERENCES:Grathwol, Stresemann and the DNVP; Holborn, "Diplomats and Diplo-macy ; Jacobson, Locarno Diplomacy; NDB, vol. 9; Ratliff, Faithful to the Fatherland.

A Historical dictionary of Germany's Weimar Republic, 1918-1933. .

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Leopold Von Hoesch — (à gauche) en 1932 Leopold von Hoesch né le 10 juin 1881 à Dresde et meurt le 10 avril 1936 à Londres était un diplomate allemand . Il a été l ambassadeur d Alle …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Leopold von Hoesch — (links), 1932 Leopold von Hoesch (* 10. Juni 1881 in Dresden; † 10. April 1936 in London) war ein deutscher Diplomat …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Leopold von Hoesch — (1881 ndash;1936) was a career German diplomat. Hoesch began his political career in France as the charge d affaires in 1923. Following the recall of the German Ambassador in 1923 after the Ruhr crisis, Hoesch was appointed acting head of the… …   Wikipedia

  • Leopold von Hoesch — (à gauche) en 1932 Leopold von Hoesch, né le 10 juin 1881 à Dresde, mort le 10 avril 1936 à Londres, était un diplomate allemand . Après avoir occupé des postes consulaires, il est nommé conseiller à l ambassade …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Hoesch Stahl AG — ThyssenKrupp AG Unternehmensform Aktiengesellschaft ISIN …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Leopold Hoesch — Das Grabmal Der Industrielle Leopold Hoesch (* 13. Januar 1820 in Düren; …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Hoesch — steht für: Hoesch (Familie), eine Familie, die in der Eisenverhüttung tätig war und das Stahl und Montanunternehmen begründete. Hoesch AG, ein Stahl und Montanunternehmen Hoesch Gasometer, ein Gasometer in Dortmund HSP Hoesch Spundwand und Profil …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Hoesch (Familie) — Die Familie Hoesch, in manchen alten Schriften auch Husche, Hoisch oder Huesch genannt, ist eine seit mehreren Jahrhunderten bestehende Unternehmerfamilie vorwiegend in der Metallverarbeitung in den Räumen Aachen, Düren und Stolberg/Eschweiler… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Hoesch AG — Rechtsform Aktiengesellschaft Gründung 1871 Auflösung …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Leopold-Hoesch-Museum — Frontansicht des Museumsgebäudes …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.